Celebrating 75 Years of Advancing Computing as a Science and Profession. We're an international society of educators, scientists, technologists and engineers dedicated to the advancement of computer science.
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ACM, the world’s largest educational and scientific computing society with nearly 100,000 members, unites computing professionals, educators, and researchers from industry, academia, and government, to inspire dialogue, share resources and address the field’s challenges. ACM strengthens the profession’s collective voice through strong leadership, promotion of the highest standards, supporting members’ professional development, and promoting policies and research that benefit society.
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Happy birthday to Yoshua Bengio! Bengio received the 2018 with Geoffrey Hinton and Yann LeCun for conceptual and engineering breakthroughs that have made deep neural networks a critical component of .
An international team of researchers led by the U.K.'s University of Bristol used computer modeling to explore magma deep within the Earth. The researchers used the U.K.'s ARCHER national supercomputing service to simulate the physical properties of magma at the transition zone between Earth's upper and lower mantle, at temperatures up to 1,600 degrees Celsius (2,912 degrees Fahrenheit) and 250,000 times atmospheric pressure.
Analysis revealed that water-rich magmas formed in the mantle are more buoyant and fluid than previously thought. Said Bristol's James Drewitt, "Using advanced computational techniques to model hydrous magmas down to the atomic scale, we discovered natural hydrous magmas will be more buoyant and fluid than expected, and will therefore rise through the upper mantle towards the surface, rather like the wax rising in a lava lamp.”
Read more here via Bristol University: https://bit.ly/3rZ27Zj
As part of ACM's Distinguished Speakers Program, we present to you the lecture, "2nd International Conference on Computing Advancements (ICCA 2022)," with speaker Professor Mohammad Rahman from the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) on March 10 at the heart of Dhaka, Bangladesh, at AIUB campus.
The goal of the International Conference on Computing Advancements is to bring together a convergence between academics and industry researchers thus establish itself as a major international conference in Computer Science. The emergence and applications of multifarious modern age computing are augmenting our lives every day.
Find out more: https://bit.ly/3gZaJZE
Physicists at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich ETH Zürich have demonstrated the ability to extend the longevity of quantum states and expand tolerance of quantum errors, which are crucial to future quantum computing. The method accounts for limitations of physically realistic devices, and is relatively easy to deploy compared to other proposed error-correction schemes.
The researchers employed a platform that encodes quantum information within the mechanical oscillator motion of a single trapped ion, in effect optimizing the generation and control of logical states of Gottesman–Kitaev–Preskill code for finite-energy states. The approach supported efficient correction of unwanted displacements in the oscillator's motion, and lengthened coherence time threefold.
Read more here via ETH Zurich: https://bit.ly/3LEawch
Jason Hong offers advice to regulators on how to regulate Facebook (now Meta). For him, Facebook opening up its algorithms is not enough.
Read more here via CACM: https://bit.ly/3HADpDM
Magnetic anomalies that manifest in two-dimensional (2D) materials can be harnessed to produce true random numbers, according to Brown University physicists. When 2D materials are excited by electricity or a magnetic field, some electron spins flip with rising energy levels, forming a magnetic whirlpool or skyrmion.
The researchers used magnetic thin films containing defects or pinning centers that hold skyrmions in place, causing random fluctuations measured via changes in the voltage that propagates across the material. The team tapped those voltage changes to generate strings of random numbers, which Brown's Gang Xiao said could be used to create "potentially as many as 10 million digits per second."
Read more here via Brown University: https://bit.ly/3rWo5vN
Today, we often abstract away the human from computing. But the word "computer," originated in the early 17th century, referred to a human, often a woman, who performs long and tedious calculations by hand. In her CACM article, Tiffani Williams, Co-chair of ACM's Committee on Systemic Change, revisits the stories of three Black women in computing who toiled in relative obscurity.
Mary Winston Jackson, Katheine Goble Johnson, and Dorothy Johnson Vaughan worked as "human computers" at NASA during the civil rights era. Working under segregationist, racist, and sexist conditions, they performed calculations for engineers and scientists, including the historical calculations that launched astronaut John Glenn into orbit and guaranteed his safe return.
Over the past month, we have shared the stories of four Black pioneers and celebrated the scientific contributions they’ve made. Williams argues that it’s also important to share stories of unsung heroes to provide students with tools and strategies for remaining motivated to persevere through the challenges they will encounter.
There are many diverse stories in computer science to share. What are yours? Get inspired here: https://bit.ly/3Jfwdh0
An international team of researchers led by the U.K.'s University of Cambridge has fabricated a fully woven prototype smart textile display with active electronic, sensing, energy, and photonic functions incorporated directly into the weave. The researchers coated each fiber element with materials that are sufficiently elastic for textile-manufacturing equipment, and braided some of them for better reliability and durability.
They also linked multiple components together via conductive adhesives and laser welding. The resulting fabric can function as a display, monitor inputs, retain energy for later use, and detect radio-frequency signals, touch, light, and temperature. Said Cambridge’s Jong min Kim, “This is a step towards the full exploitation of sustainable, convenient e-fibers and e-textiles in daily applications. And it’s only the beginning.”
Read more here via University of Cambridge: https://bit.ly/3uU45vF
Born on this day in 1943, Chuck Thacker received the 2009 ACM A.M. Turing Award for the pioneering design and realization of the first modern personal computer -- the Alto at Xerox PARC -- and seminal inventions and contributions to local area networks (including the Ethernet), multiprocessor workstations, snooping cache coherence protocols, and tablet personal computers. https://bit.ly/3uozwM9
Custom-built, high-speed racing drones are being used to film the Natural Selection Tour, marking the first time such technology has been used in live broadcast. The three-week-long event features competitive freeriding (a type of snowboarding) on wide-open natural terrain, for which traditional forms of sports broadcasting have proven inadequate.
Freerider Travis Rice believes the use of drones will provide a more immersive experience for viewers, similar to that of a videogame. Swiss aerial cinematographer Gabriel Kocher created a system using an X8 drone platform with eight motors, a customized gimbal, a full broadcast system, and a stabilization platform. The system is agile, can reach speeds up to 100 mph, and requires an operator with athletic ability. Said Kocher, "It lends itself really well to all of the action sports that are out there, extreme sports."
Read more here via CNN: https://cnn.it/3GObPSp
The return to normalcy in the workplace is taking longer than expected, and the level of uncertainty around hiring and staffing could actually increase in 2022. New variants will continue to emerge and may cause workplaces to temporarily go remote again. Hybrid work will create more unevenness around where, when, and how much different employees are working.
Many employees could receive the equivalent of real wage cuts as annual compensation increases fall behind inflation. These realities will be layered on top of longer-term technological transformation and other external factors. Ultimately, there are 11 underlying trends that will shape the workplace in 2022.
Read more here via Harvard Business Review: https://bit.ly/3I3fYTC
A report by enterprise software provider Micro Focus found that more than 800 billion lines of COBOL code are in daily use worldwide, about three times more than expected, despite a decline in the number of developers familiar with the 60-year-old programming language. Moreover, nearly half of developers surveyed predict an increase in the volume of COBOL used in their organization in the coming year, while a similar share said they expect COBOL applications to live on for at least another decade.
The report found that 64% of companies reliant on COBOL prefer to modernize their apps rather than replace them, while 92% of respondents said COBOL will retain strategic importance to their business. Said Micro Focus' Ed Airey, "For IT leaders, supporting core business systems, COBOL application modernization lies at the heart of digital transformation."
Read more here via TechRadar: https://bit.ly/33nsiiO
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