Neurologist, Atlas Medical Center Medical Centre, Doha A neurologist is a physician specializing in neurology and trained to investigate, or diagnose and treat neurological disorders.
Operating as usual
Is the Tongue the Strongest Muscle in the Body?
The tongue is an essential, often playful part of human body.
It can bend, it can twist, it can suck, it can cup.
Many of us grew up believing the assertion that the tongue is the strongest muscle in the body.
But is it really True?
The short answer is No!
The myth of the tongue’s strength arose from its amazing stamina even in precision tasks like eating and speaking!
“When’s the last time your tongue was tired?”
“If you don’t have any disorders,
The answer is probably Never.”
The tongue’s tenacity springs from the way it is built, with lots of similar bits of muscle that can each perform the same task.
“It doesn’t fatigue, because there’s a lot of redundancy in the muscle architecture. You simply activate different muscle fibers and get the same result.”
The question of whether the tongue is the strongest muscle in the body is itself misinformed.
The soft patty of flesh which is called the tongue is not just one muscle!
It’s a conglomeration of eight separate muscles!!
Unlike other muscles,
The tongue muscles don’t develop around a supporting bone.
They intertwine to create a flexible matrix, forming what is called a muscular hydrostat!
This structure is similar to an octopus’s tentacles or an elephant’s trunk!!
Four muscles in the matrix, called the extrinsic muscles, anchor the tongue to structures in the head and neck.
One muscle holds on to the base of the skull,
Another connects to a bone in the throat,
There is a muscle that grabs on to the lower jaw and
Another wrapped around the palate.
These propel the tongue from side to side, front to back and up and down.
The rest of the muscles make up the tongue’s body.
They’re what give it the ability to contort into endless arrays of shapes and postures.
They allow it to lengthen, shorten, curl, flatten and round, and they provide shape to assist in speaking, eating and swallowing.
The myth of extraordinary strength has persisted because of the tongue’s tireless flexibility.
Because the tongue is all muscle and no bone,
It is very supple, boasting a huge range of motion and shape while preserving its volume.
Those are construed as having something to do with strength.
Strengthening the tongue may even improve speaking abilities or help treat speech disorders.
The tongue is definitely not the strongest muscle in the body.
People continue to believe in its power simply because the tongue is weird;
It’s literally inside your face, and people like superlatives.
“People want to attach some kind of ‘est’ to it”
'Strongest’ or this or that and that’s maybe what stuck!!
Hearing loss happens from many reasons.
It can happen as age advances.
Loud noises is another cause.
Even having diabetes increase the risk for hearing loss.
Hearing loss is twice as common in people who have diabetes as it is in people of the same age who don’t.
Even people with prediabetes have a 30% higher rate of hearing loss than people with normal blood sugar levels.
Managing the blood sugar is a critical part of diabetes care.
It can also help to protect the hearing.
Diabetes is a disease which can affect all parts of the body, including hands, feet, eyes, and kidneys.
Diabetes affecting the nervous system is well known.
It can cause nerve damage of ears.
High blood sugar levels can damage small blood vessels and nerves in the inner ear.
Low blood sugar over time can damage how the nerve signals travel from the inner ear to the brain.
Both types of nerve damage can lead to hearing loss.
Hearing loss can happen slowly,
so it can be hard to notice.
Often, friends and family members will notice the hearing loss before the patient do.
Early signs are:
Often asking others to repeat themselves.
Trouble following conversations with more than one person.
Thinking that others are mumbling.
Problems hearing in noisy places, such as busy restaurants.
Trouble hearing the voices of small children and others with quiet voices.
Turning up the TV or radio volume too loud for others who are nearby.
Hearing Loss due to Diabetes is not reversible, and is permanent.
Diabetic patients must keep the blood sugar as close to normal.
They should check hearing every year.
Avoid other causes of hearing loss, including loud noises.
Puneeth Rajkumar, Kannada superstar, aged 46 died today.
A fitness freak, and he suffered a heart attack in the gym!
Exercising is supposed to be good for body and should form part of our day-to-day lives.
It help us to reduce overweight, improve cardiovascular status, and even ward off depression.
But overdo it can harm our body.
Too much exercise can have serious consequences for the body and brain.
What exactly is "too much" exercising?
It depends on factors like age, health, and choice of workouts.
In general, adults should get around five hours a week of moderate exercise or two and a half hours of more intense activity. Or some combination of the two.
That's according to the CDC. But research shows that going way above and beyond that doesn't increase your health benefits.
Research shows that going way above and beyond that doesn't increase the health benefits.
Light to moderate runners had a lower risk of death than people who didn't exercise.
But, in people who ran at a faster pace for more than three times a week had a similar risk of dying as the non-runners!
Running too much, and too intensely, seems to undo some of the health benefits gained from regular running.
Extreme endurance exercises, like ultra-marathons, may also lead to heart damage, heart rhythm disorders, and enlarged arteries.
Extreme endurance puts extreme demands on the cardiovascular system.
One study found that repeated extreme exercises can "remodel" the heart, thickening the muscle's walls and scarring tissue, in short damage the flexible plumbing property.
Women are less likely to have a heart attack or stroke, if they were physically active at least once a week.
But that risk of heart attacks and strokes shot up for women who exercised strenuously every day.
So, excessive exercise doesn't provide more benefits than moderate exercise, and it could be more risky!
Women are at particular risk for what's known as the "female athlete triad" that includes:
Loss of me********on
Osteoporosis or bone mineral loss and
These symptoms usually arise from a combination of overexercise and calorie restriction.
For men, intense exercise has been shown to decrease libido!
Possibly due to physical fatigue and lower testosterone levels.
For both men and women,
Overexercise raises the risk of overuse injuries, like tendinitis and stress fractures.
These injuries result from repetitive trauma.
Immune system also suffer from over exercise.
Moderate exercise improve the immune system,
But excessive exercise can actually suppress it.
There is a 72-hour "open window" of impaired immunity after intense exercise.
This means viruses and bacteria might have an easier time invading and infecting the body.
Athletes who overexercised experience more upper respiratory tract infections.
Excessive Exercise can wreak havoc on our body, particularly the heart, tendons, ligaments, and immune system.
Exercise addiction has a wreaking havoc on the brains.
Symptoms of exercise addiction include
Withdrawal, that's a feeling of anxious or exhausted on missing a workout Or Feeling a lack of control and unable to cut down on exercise. Even when you know it's hurting you!
It's important to understand that you shouldn't just give up on exercising.
The key is to get the right exercise in right amount.
The ideal physiological exercise is Brisk Walking or Swiming and that's all Not more than One hour, a day
Senescence or Old age is the final stage of the normal human life span.
There are three kinds of Aging!
Biological, Psychological, and Social aging!!
The social aspects of old age are influenced by the relationship of the physiological effects of aging and the collective experiences and shared values of that generation to the particular organization of the society in which it exists.
Biologists are not in agreement about the existence of an inherent biological cause for aging.
It is frequently defined as 60 or 65 years of age or older. The Office for National Statistics team says although 65 has traditionally been seen as the start of old age, 70 could be seen as the "new 65".
This is because many people who reach this milestone birthday can still expect to live another 15 years.
Remaining life expectancy may be a better marker of old age!
Ageing results from the impact of the accumulation of a wide variety of molecular and cellular damage over time.
This leads to a gradual decrease in physical and mental capacity, a growing risk of disease and ultimately death.
The diversity seen in older age is not random.
These changes are neither linear nor consistent, and they are only loosely associated with a person’s age in years.
Ageing is often associated with other life transitions such as retirement, relocation to more appropriate housing and the death of friends and partners.
Older age is characterized by the emergence of several complex health states commonly called Geriatric Syndromes.
They include hearing loss, cataracts and refractive errors, back and neck pain and osteoarthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, depression and dementia.
Many of the health problems in older people’s are genetic, most is due to people’s physical and social environments and their personal characteristics such as their s*x, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status.
The environments that people live in as children or even as developing fetuses combined with their personal characteristics, have long-term effects on how they age.
Maintaining healthy behaviours throughout life, particularly eating a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity and refraining from to***co use, all contribute to reducing the risk of non-communicable diseases, improving physical and mental capacity and delaying care dependency.
The United Nations General Assembly declared 2021–2030 the Decade of Healthy Ageing and asked WHO to lead the implementation. The Decade of Healthy Ageing is a global collaboration bringing together governments, civil society, international agencies, professionals, academia, the media and the private sector for 10 years of concerted, catalytic and collaborative action to foster longer and healthier lives.
Inca Skull Surgeons
According to a study, published in
The American Journal of Physical Anthropology,
Inca surgeons in ancient Peru commonly and successfully removed small portions of patients' skulls to treat head injuries.
Valerie Andrushko, of Southern Connecticut State University in New Haven is the lead author.
Around the ancient Inca capital of Cuzco,
dating back to A.D. 1000 show that surgical techniques were standardized and perfected over time.
But, many of the oldest skulls showed no evidence of bone healing following the operation,
suggesting that the procedure was probably fatal.
By the 1400s,
Survival rates approached 90 percent, and infection levels were very low
The operations were conducted without the modern benefits of anesthesia and antibiotics,
but medicinal plants were probably used.
They were aware of the medicinal properties of many wild plants, including coca and wild to***co and maize beer, might have been used to alleviate the pain.
Natural antiseptics such as balsam and saponins [plants with soaplike properties] may have reduced the likelihood of infection.
Some of the skulls had been perforated more than once, including one individual who had undergone the operation seven times.
In another case, in which the patient did not survive the operation, a rectangular section of bone that had been removed was set back in place prior to burial.
This study is the first to compare the frequency and success rate of trepanation over time and in different communities.
Trepanation was practiced as early as 400 B.C. in South America and is known from other parts of the world as well.
The skull perforations were conducted as a medical procedure and for ritual or cultural reasons also
A trepanation was performed on one of the Inca skull and a gold plate was used as an implant that shows a clear bone reconstruction and osseointegration, that is, the patient survived.
With more than 500 years old, it is located in the Gold Museum of Peru and Arms of the World, Lima.
Nearly all of the surgeries were performed either near the middle of the skull or on the left side—the regions most likely to be injured during combat with a right-handed opponent.
19 of the surgical patients were women, however, suggests that the operation may have sometimes been performed for other reasons—possibly as an attempted cure for epilepsy or chronic bone infection,
National Apple Day falls on October 21
On October 21st, pick out your favorite variety of Apple and celebrate with apple lovers across
National Apple Day actually has its roots in Europe.
It was created by the U.K.based charity organization Common Ground on October 21st of 1990.
It's an effort to raise awareness about the importance of diversity in different communities.
Apple-lovers everywhere still enthusiastically use this day as a chance to rave about their love
for the more than 7,500 different varieties of apple grown across the globe!
History of Apple goes anywhere between 10 and 20 million years ago.
Studies have shown that the earliest known wild apple trees cropped up in regions of central
The main activities are:
Eat an Apple, the day to keep the doctor away and enjoy a nice, crisp, juicy apple.
Plant an Apple Tree for next year’s National Apple Day
Share the Apple Love by sharing apples with friends, family, strangers…
Everyone loves a good apple!
Apples are filled with antioxidants.
Eating them can reduce the risk of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and other diseases.
They can also help you lose weight!
The apple has the greatest amount of variety among all other species of fruit.
Daybreak Fuji, Candy Crisp, Sansa, Zestar, Shamrock, and so on...
These are but a few fantastic names among literally thousands of apple variants!
Apples are Versatile one can bake apples into a pie, use it in a turnover, smother it with
caramel, puree it into applesauce…
The possibilities are limitless!!
Love Your Bones!
It's important to eat healthy foods for healthy bones!!
World Osteoporosis day is celebrated on 20 October all across the world
Know the signs and symptoms of this silent bone disease.
Osteoporosis is a bone disease in which the bones become weak and brittle because of the loss
of mineral density.
Even sneezing or a minor fall could lead to fracture when one is suffering from the condition.
It is often called a silent disease because there are no symptoms in the early stages and it
This is to raise global awareness about the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of fracture
Early signs of osteoporosis are:
The handgrip is weakened due to low mineral density of the bones.
Weak and brittle nails indicate a lack of bone density.
First celebrated in 1996 by the United Kingdom’s National Osteoporosis Society.
Osteoporosis can be debilitating both physically and mentally.
Loss of independence and mobility can lead to mental health issues.
Chronic pain can come in the way of day to day living.
The theme for World Osteoporosis Day 2021 is 'Serve Up Bone Strength'.
This theme has been chosen to focus on the overall bone health and the harmful effects it can
have on your well-being if it is ignored.
It is important to get a bone density test done regularly and include foods that promote better
bone health in your diet.
Because of the COVID pandemic, many people have been forced to work from home.
While the job travelled home with the employee, the workstation did not!!
Many employees work on less-than-ideal workstations such as sofas, couches, and even beds!
If you spend a significant portion of your day sitting at a desk, because of your sedentary
lifestyle and poor posture, it can lead to body pain and discomfort.
These sitting places aggravate degenerative changes and wear and strain of bones.
Sitting in the wrong position for long periods of time is damaging the joints and muscles.
There is no proper posture for sitting all day!
Sitting is the worst and unnatural posture a body can adopt!!
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