Agency for Child and Adolescent Health Promotion

Agency for Child and Adolescent Health Promotion

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Ed Glamour
Ed Glamour

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In 2016, an estimated 90 000 people died from measles – an 84% drop from more than 550 000 deaths in 2000
– according to a new report published today by
leading health organizations. While have seen a
substantial drop in measles deaths for more than
two decades, now we must strive to reach zero
measles cases.

WHO Press release
26 october 2017
The number of obese
children and adolescents (aged five to 19 years)
worldwide has risen tenfold in the past four
decades. If current trends continue, more children
and adolescents will be obese than moderately or
severely underweight by 2022, according to a new
study led by Imperial College London and WHO.
Children and adolescents have rapidly transitioned
from mostly underweight to mostly overweight in
many middle-income countries, including in East
Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean.
world hunger again on the rise, driven
by conflict and climate change, new UN
report says
815 million people now hungry – Millions of children at risk
from malnutrition
News release
15 SEPTEMBER 2017 | ROME - After steadily declining for
over a decade, global hunger is on the rise again, affecting
815 million people in 2016, or 11 per cent of the global
population, says a new edition of the annual United Nations
report on world food security and nutrition released today.
At the same time, multiple forms of malnutrition are
threatening the health of millions worldwide.
The increase – 38 million more people than the previous
year – is largely due to the proliferation of violent conflicts
and climate-related shocks, according to The State of Food
Security and Nutrition in the World 2017.
Some 155 million children aged under five are stunted (too
short for their age), the report says, while 52 million suffer
from wasting, meaning their weight is too low for their
height. An estimated 41 million children are now overweight.
Anaemia among women and adult obesity are also cause for
concern. These trends are a consequence not only of conflict
and climate change but also of sweeping changes in dietary
habits as well as economic slowdowns.
The report is the first UN global assessment on food security
and nutrition to be released following the adoption of the
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which aims to
end hunger and all forms of malnutrition by 2030 as a top
international policy priority.
It singles out conflict – increasingly compounded by climate
change – as one of the key drivers behind the resurgence of
hunger and many forms of malnutrition.
"Over the past decade, conflicts have risen dramatically in
number and become more complex and intractable in
nature," the heads of the Food and Agriculture Organization
of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for
Agricultural Development (IFAD), the United Nations
Children’s Fund (UNICEF) the World Food Programme (WFP)
and the World Health Organization (WHO) said in their joint
foreword to the report. They stressed that some of the
highest proportions of food-insecure and malnourished
children in the world are now concentrated in conflict zones.
"This has set off alarm bells we cannot afford to ignore: we
will not end hunger and all forms of malnutrition by 2030
unless we address all the factors that undermine food
security and nutrition. Securing peaceful and inclusive
societies is a necessary condition to that end," they said.
Famine struck in parts of South Sudan for several months in
early 2017, and there is a high risk that it could reoccur
there as well as appear in other conflict-affected places,
namely northeast Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen, they noted.
But even in regions that are more peaceful droughts or
floods linked in part to the El Niño weather phenomenon, as
well as the global economic slowdown, have also seen food
security and nutrition deteriorate, they added.
Key numbers
Hunger and food security
Overall number of hungry people in the world: 815
million, including:
In Asia: 520 million
In Africa: 243 million
In Latin America and the Caribbean: 42 million
Share of the global population who are hungry: 11%
Asia: 11.7%
Africa: 20% (in eastern Africa, 33.9%)
Latin America and the Caribbean: 6.6%
Malnutrition in all its forms
Number of children under 5 years of age who suffer from
stunted growth (height too low for their age): 155 million
Number of those living in countries affected by
varying levels of conflict: 122 million
Children under 5 affected by wasting (weight too low
given their height): 52 million
Number of adults who are obese: 641 million (13% of all
adults on the planet)
Children under 5 who are overweight: 41 million
Number of women of reproductive age affected by
anaemia: 613 million (around 33% of the total)
The impact of conflict
Number of the 815 million hungry people on the planet
who live in countries affected by conflict: 489 million
The prevalence of hunger in countries affected by conflict
is 1.4 - 4.4 percentage points higher than in other
countries
In conflict settings compounded by conditions of
institutional and environmental fragility, the prevalence
is 11 and 18 percentage points higher
People living in countries affected by protracted crises
are nearly 2.5 times more likely to be undernourished
than people elsewhere
Note to editos
This is the first time that UNICEF and WHO join FAO, IFAD
and WFP in preparing The State of Food Security and
Nutrition in the World report. This change reflects the SDG
agenda’s broader view on hunger and all forms of
malnutrition. The UN Decade of Action on Nutrition,
established by the General Assembly, is lending focus to this
effort by motivating governments to set goals and invest in
measures to address the multiple dimensions of
malnutrition.
The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017
has been re-geared for the SDG era and includes enhanced
metrics for quantifying and assessing hunger, including two
indicators on food insecurity and six indicators on nutrition.
The heads of agencies issuing today’s report are: José
Graziano da Silva, Director-General of FAO; Gilbert F.
Houngbo, President of IFAD; Anthony Lake, Executive
Director of UNICEF; David Beasley, Executive Director of WFP;
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of WHO.

(WHO, 2017)
fao.org/state-of-food-security-nutrition/en/?utm_source=WHO+List&utm_campaign=f3285c565f-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_09_15&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_823e9e35c1-f3285c565f-266476509
The total number of
suspected cholera cases in Yemen this year hit the
half a million mark on Sunday, and nearly 2000
people have died since the outbreak began to
spread rapidly at the end of April. The spread of
cholera has slowed significantly in some areas
compared to peak levels but the disease is still
spreading fast in more recently affected districts,
which are recording large numbers of case

(WHO, 2017)
1 August 2017 – No country in
the world fully meets recommended standards for
breastfeeding, according to a new report by UNICEF
and WHO in collaboration with the Global
Breastfeeding Collective, a new initiative to increase
global breastfeeding rates. Only 40% of children
younger than six months are breastfed exclusively
(given nothing but breastmilk) and only 23
countries have exclusive breastfeeding rates above
60%.

WHO
am alarmed. what contributions can i offer? I really want to be involved in finding solution to these in unbearable situations.
Health problems can be profound barriers to learning, but is it the job of schools to provide healthcare services? What do you think?
https://blog.edmodo.com/2015/11/20/the-global-search-for-education-health-and-higher-achievement/

Mission: To provider quality health education concerning child and adolescent health through educati

A third of the world’s children poisoned by lead, new groundbreaking analysis says 03/08/2020

A third of the world’s children poisoned by lead, new groundbreaking analysis says

https://www.facebook.com/54779960819/posts/10158901581005820/

A third of the world’s children poisoned by lead, new groundbreaking analysis says UNICEF and Pure Earth call for urgent action to abolish dangerous practices including the informal recycling of lead acid batteries

11/03/2020

How to keep safe ...#CoronaVirus

-19

11/02/2020

To the ..

09/02/2020

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The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a new virus linked to the same family of viruses as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and some types of common cold.

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The virus is transmitted through direct contact, respiratory droplets like coughing and sneezing, and touching surfaces contaminated with the virus. It is not yet known how long the virus survives on surfaces, but simple disinfectants can kill it.



Symptoms can include fever, cough and shortness of breath. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia or breathing difficulties. More rarely, the disease can be fatal.

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Here are five precautions you and your family can take to avoid infection:

1. Wash your hands frequently using soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub

2. Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing

3. Avoid close contact with anyone who has cold or flu-like symptoms

4. Go to the doctor if you have a fever, cough or feel that it is difficult to breathe

5. Avoid direct unprotected contact with live animals and surfaces in contact with animals.

21/11/2019

Today marks 30 years of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

10/10/2019

There's no health without mental health.

05/10/2019
13/09/2019

Vaccine-preventable diseases include:
Cervical cancer
Cholera
Diphtheria
Hep B
Influenza
Japanese encephalitis
Measles
Meningitis
Mumps
Pertussis
Pneumonia
Polio
Rabies
Rotavirus
Rubella
Tetanus
Typhoid
Varicella
Yellow Fever
!

04/07/2019

Comprehensive s*xuality education empowers young people to take informed decisions about their s*xuality and relationships in a way that protects their health. *x

24/06/2019

Each year up to 1 billion 👧👦 experience some form of physical, s*xual or psychological violence or neglect.

WHO Global school-based student health survey indicates :
❗ 1 in 3 school children reports being bullied in the previous month ❗ 2 in 5 reports being in a physical fight in the past year

12/06/2019
17/05/2019

Keep an 👀 on your

According to the latest WHO data published in 2017

in Ghana reached 2,602 or 1.24% of total deaths.

is 19.97 per 100,000 of population ranks Ghana 53 in the world.

Photos from Agency for Child and Adolescent Health Promotion's post 15/05/2019

TRANS FAT HEALTH IMPLICATIONS
---------------------------------------------------------

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They are a form of unsaturated fat. There are two types — natural and artificial trans fats.

-occurring trans fats are produced in the gut of some animals and foods made from these animals (e.g., milk and meat products)

trans fats (or trans fatty acids) are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid.



*The primary dietary source for trans fats are processed foods

*Trans fats can be found in many foods – including fried foods like , and baked goods including , , , , , , and margarines and other spreads.

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*Trans fats raise your bad (LDL) cholesterol levels and lower your good (HDL) cholesterol levels.

*Eating trans fats increases your risk of developing heart disease and stroke.

*It’s also associated with a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

28/04/2019

Be informed

31/03/2019

Approximately 16 million girls aged 15 to 19 years and 2.5 million girls under 16 years give birth each year in developing regions.

Complications during pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death for 15 to 19 year-old girls globally

Every year, some 3.9 million girls aged 15 to 19 years undergo unsafe abortions

Adolescent mothers (ages 10 to 19 years) face higher risks of eclampsia, puerperal endometritis, and systemic infections

(WHO)

08/03/2019

Happy Women's Day...

21/02/2019

Photos from Agency for Child and Adolescent Health Promotion's post 02/02/2019

Children in their developing years are always observing how you talk and react to things. Your personality and responsiveness to them will influence how they turn into adults.

Remember, parenting is not just another job; it’s a lifelong commitment.

21/01/2019
08/01/2019

Whatever your New Year’s Resolution, a healthy and balanced diet will provide many benefits into 2019 and beyond. What we eat and drink can affect our body’s ability to fight infections, as well as how likely we are to develop health problems later in life, including obesity, heart disease, diabetes and different types of cancer.

The exact ingredients of a healthy diet will depend on different factors like how old and how active we are, as well as the kinds of foods that are available in the communities where we live. But across cultures, there are some common food tips for helping us lead healthier, longer lives.

1. Cut back on salt
2. Eat lots of vegetables and fruits
3. Avoid unhealthy fats (trans fats)
4. Cut back on sugar
5. Avoid harmful alcohol use.

15/12/2018

Achieving universal health coverage requires deliberate and focused efforts to reach those most at risk of being left behind.

Whether social, cultural, structural or financial, a rights-based approach means identifying disadvantage, and breaking down barriers related to access, affordability, the quality, or availability of healthcare services.

14/12/2018

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The right to health is about ensuring that everyone, everywhere can access affordable, quality healthcare.
This is the defining principle of universal health coverage: no one should get sick and die just because they are poor, because of who they are or where they were born, or because they cannot access the health services they need.

30/11/2018

Measles Cases Spike Globally Due To Gaps In Vaccination Coverage:
(UNICEF, 2018).

29 November 2018:
Reported measles cases spiked in 2017, as multiple countries experienced severe and protracted outbreaks of the disease. This is according to a new report published today by leading health organizations.

Because of gaps in vaccination coverage, measles outbreaks occurred in all regions, while there were an estimated 110 000 deaths related to the disease.

Using updated disease modelling data, the report provides the most comprehensive estimates of measles trends over the last 17 years. It shows that since 2000, over 21 million lives have been saved through measles immunizations. However, reported cases increased by more than 30 percent worldwide from 2016.

The Americas, the Eastern Mediterranean Region, and Europe experienced the greatest upsurges in cases in 2017, with the Western Pacific the only World Health Organization (WHO) region where measles incidence fell.

“The resurgence of measles is of serious concern, with extended outbreaks occurring across regions, and particularly in countries that had achieved, or were close to achieving measles elimination,” said Dr Soumya Swaminathan, Deputy Director General for Programmes at WHO. “Without urgent efforts to increase vaccination coverage and identify populations with unacceptable levels of under-, or unimmunized children, we risk losing decades of progress in protecting children and communities against this devastating, but entirely preventable disease.”

Measles is a serious and highly contagious disease. It can cause debilitating or fatal complications, including encephalitis (an infection that leads to swelling of the brain), severe diarrhoea and dehydration, pneumonia, ear infections and permanent vision loss. Babies and young children with malnutrition and weak immune systems are particularly vulnerable to complications and death.

The disease is preventable through two doses of a safe and effective vaccine. For several years, however, global coverage with the first dose of measles vaccine has stalled at 85 percent. This is far short of the 95 percent needed to prevent outbreaks, and leaves many people, in many communities, susceptible to the disease. Second dose coverage stands at 67 percent.

“The increase in measles cases is deeply concerning, but not surprising,” said Dr Seth Berkley, CEO of Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance. “Complacency about the disease and the spread of falsehoods about the vaccine in Europe, a collapsing health system in Venezuela and pockets of fragility and low immunization coverage in Africa are combining to bring about a global resurgence of measles after years of progress. Existing strategies need to change: more effort needs to go into increasing routine immunization coverage and strengthening health systems. Otherwise we will continue chasing one outbreak after another.”

Responding to the recent outbreaks, health agencies are calling for sustained investment in immunization systems, alongside efforts to strengthen routine vaccination services. These efforts must focus especially on reaching the poorest, most marginalized communities, including people affected by conflict and displacement.

The agencies also call for actions to build broad-based public support for immunizations, while tackling misinformation and hesitancy around vaccines where these exist.

“Sustained investments are needed to strengthen immunization service delivery and to use every opportunity for delivering vaccines to those who need them,” said Dr Robert Linkins, Branch Chief of Accelerated Disease Control and Vaccine Preventable Disease Surveillance at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Measles & Rubella Initiative Management Team Chair.

The Measles and Rubella Initiative is a partnership formed in 2001 of the American Red Cross, CDC, the United Nations Foundation, UNICEF, WHO

24/11/2018

(2). How does nutrition affect brain development?

“A baby will get all the nutritional needs they need from breastmilk and we say that it’s really important for mothers to try to breastfeed.

After that, that’s when there’s a danger period for some children in some countries where there’s food insecurity, where the quality, the diversity isn’t there, where there isn’t enough food to put on the table.

That can result in both cognitive stunting – that is, the child is delayed from a developmental point of view – but also from the physical point of view.”

22/11/2018

(1)Why do babies sleep so much?

Babies don’t know that the norm is to sleep at night-time and be awake during the day. So they sleep in bursts of three or four hours usually, wake up to have a feed and then go back to sleep.

As their brain develops, there are reasons for them not to sleep because there are things to be curious about; they’re engaging with their world, parents are talking to them, reading to them. So they get into that predictable pattern of being awake for longer periods of time, engaging and interacting with their parents and caretakers and the world around them, and then falling asleep again.

Photos from Agency for Child and Adolescent Health Promotion's post 13/11/2018

On the 20th of November, we Join the world in the celebration of the World's Children Day. On this day we advocate for a world where every child is in school and learning, safe from harm and able to fulfill their potential.









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Yemen Girl Who Turned World’s Eyes to Famine Is Dead 02/11/2018

Yemen Girl Who Turned World’s Eyes to Famine Is Dead

Absolutely heartbreaking. 7-year-old Amal died because she couldn't access a hospital.

We're calling on all sides to stop the war on children.

Yemen Girl Who Turned World’s Eyes to Famine Is Dead When a photo of an emaciated Amal Hussain appeared in The Times, many readers were moved to try to help the children of Yemen. For Amal, it is too late.

29/10/2018

Chest heaving and eyes fluttering, the 3-year-old boy Amal Hussein lay silently on a hospital bed in the highland town of Hajjah, a bag of bones fighting for breath n wasting away from hunger (NYtimes, 2018).

17/10/2018

Say NO to ! 🚫

“Virginity testing” aka “two-finger testing” has no scientific or clinical basis. It is an inspection of female genitalia designed to determine whether a 👩 or 👧 has had vaginal in*******se.

27/09/2018

Adolescence is a critical time in our development. It is an age when we become independent individuals, forge new relationships and learn skills and behaviors that will last the rest of our lives. It can also be one of the most challenging periods for our health. About 3000 adolescents die every day, mostly to preventable causes - that's one every 30 seconds

21/09/2018

An estimated 6.3 million children and young adolescents died in 2017, mostly from preventable causes. That's one death every 5 seconds. Newborns account for nearly half of these deaths (UNICEF, 2018)

13/09/2018

RISE
821 million people now hungry and over 150 million children stunted, putting hunger eradication goal at risk (UN, 2018).

31/08/2018

Photos from Agency for Child and Adolescent Health Promotion's post 18/08/2018

Our heartfelt condolence goes to the bereaved family of the late Kofi Annan (former UN secretary General). He was a true statesman.

16/08/2018

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