Colonic Hydrotherapy Clinic 55 Rodney Street L1

SAVITRI CHIB [BA HONS., C.T., HIR., IIHHT]
QUALIFIED IN COLON HYDROTHERAPY IN 1998.

Savitri studied at Liverpool John Moores University and graduated in 1996 in Applied Community Studies.

This treatment is a safe infusion of purified warm water into the colon under conditions that offer safety, using no chemicals. A disposable speculum is inserted into the rectum (the fresh water feed pipe and waste pipe are both simultaneously attached to the speculum). This simple and ingenious device allows fresh warm purified water into the colon and discharge of waste matter all at the same time. Often the waste is so hard and well lodged in the colon that it may take a series of colonics to sufficiently soften and loosen it. The number of treatments will always vary with the individual and his/her condition. The water helps to soften and detach faecal matter and encrusted deposits, which are piped away with the waste water. All waste (including gases, liquids and solids) goes straight into the sewerage system via a disposable pipe, so there is no leakage, smell or exposure.

Four steps to improving your digestion | Patrick Holford's Blog

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www.patrickholford.com/blog/four-steps-to-improving-your-digestion

patrickholford.com April is IBS awareness month so if you suffer from IBS, it’s time to look at tuning up your digestion. My four steps address key aspects of this condition that should lead you back to optimum digestive health.

Colonic Hydrotherapy Clinic 55 Rodney Street L1

Crohn’s and Colitis Awareness Week 2016: Why this week is so important to me
Hattie Gladwell for Metro.co.ukThursday 1 Dec 2016 3:42 pm
10.6k
Crohn's and Colitis Awareness Week 2016: Why this week is so important to me
(Picture: Hattie Gladwell)
Today marks the start of Crohn’s & Colitis Awareness Week, a week where thousands of inflammatory bowel disease sufferers come together to raise awareness of the incurable illness.

This woman painted her nails with chocolate and the internet was not impressed
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are two forms of IBD that are both incurable and both invisible.

While some manage their illnesses using medications such as steroids, others face surgery, both minor and major.

This week is so important to me because, as someone who lives with ulcerative colitis, I understand first-hand how hard it can be to debunk the assumption that it’s just a ‘poo disease’ or a ‘stomach thing’.

It is so much more than that.

I was first diagnosed with UC back in 2015 when I was experiencing horrendous symptoms. I had dropped down to a size 6 (which for someone who’s always been around the size 10 mark was a pretty big deal), I couldn’t keep any food down and I was practically living in the bathroom.

I had dropped down to a size 6 (Picture: Hattie Gladwell)
I dropped down to a size 6 from a size 10 (Picture: Hattie Gladwell)
I was bleeding a lot, experiencing awful cramps and I was heavily fatigued.

But, as I was just 19 years old at this time, I wasn’t taken seriously. I was going back and forth to the doctors, but I had eyes rolled at me and was shrugged off. I was even told that it must be ‘women’s troubles’ despite telling them exactly where the blood was coming from.

Things went from bad to worse two weeks after the New Year’s Eve in 2014. I’d arrived home one day and slumped around the toilet, heavily sweating yet shivering like crazy.

I went to bed thinking it was just a winter bug, but over the next week I was unable to eat, I was going to the toilet around 30 times a day (no exaggeration there) and I was delirious.
I couldn’t leave the house so I was on the phone to the doctor every few hours, but I was just prescribed Buscopan to relieve the symptoms. There was seemingly no consideration given to the other symptoms I’d experienced beforehand – vomiting, rectal bleeding, severe and rapid weight loss, cramps, fatigue.

Nothing alleviated the symptoms, so I went to A&E. The first time, I was discharged with gastroenteritis. The second time I went back, the same thing. The third time? You may laugh, but I was told to ‘eat more bananas’.

(Picture: Hattie Gladwell)
(Picture: Hattie Gladwell)
I gave up. It’d been two weeks – passing the 48 hour sickness time frame that you’re usually told to wait out to see if it is anything serious.

I went to stay with my parents so that they could look after to me as I simply couldn’t function.

Then one day, my cramps got so severe that I was taken back to see my mum’s doctor. He looked immediately worried, and sent me to A&E, suspecting I had appendicitis.

I was finally admitted into hospital where I had my appendix removed.

But things continued to worsen.
I was put in a private room because I was constantly vomiting and having bowel movements every 10 minutes. I was on every pain reliever they had going. My temperature was off the charts and I was delirious, screaming in agony. I was sent down for scan after scan but nobody knew what was wrong.

Two weeks into my hospital stay, things got so bad that when the nurse went to give me more pain relief, my mother stopped them and demanded a doctor come to see me.

The doctors were reluctant to come down, but finally they did – and that’s when my world changed forever.

(Picture: Hattie Gladwell)
(Picture: Hattie Gladwell)
I was mainly out of it but I briefly remember a doctor telling me they were going to have to operate the following day if things didn’t progress. I didn’t know what they meant, but nodded anyway.

The next day came quickly as I spent most of my time asleep. The first thing I was aware of when I awoke was being rushed down for surgery, papers shoved in my face and someone asking me to sign them to accept the surgery.

I called out to my family, telling them I loved them. I was convinced I was going to die.

That may sound dramatic to you, but it turns out it wasn’t, as I was half an hour from death at this point.

(Picture: Hattie Gladwell)
(Picture: Hattie Gladwell)
I awoke from surgery in unimaginable pain, my mum holding my hand looking incredibly worried. I wasn’t sure what had gone on. But then I heard a rustling and felt a weight on my stomach that wasn’t normally there.

I looked down and saw I had been given a stoma – an opening made from the small intestine that pokes out of the abdomen, with an ileostomy bag attached to collect waste.

I’d had my large intestine removed, which I was told was close to perforating due to ulcerative colitis, and I had a large, bleeding scar down my stomach.

I felt like my world had ended then and there. I couldn’t hold back the tears. As awful as it sounds, at that point I wished my world really had ended.

Of course, I got better and I learned to deal with it. You do though, don’t you? If you don’t laugh, you’ll cry.

I lived with an ileostomy bag for 10 months before undergoing a reversal to say goodbye to it.

And over those 10 months, the only thing I didn’t like about living with a bag was the sore skin the material of the bag gave me. I have a lot to be grateful to that bag for; it saved my life.

But after all that, you know what the worst thing is about all of was? It was not the surgeries I had to have, the pain or the dirty looks I’d get from using a disabled toilet. It was that nobody listened.

Read more: http://metro.co.uk/2016/12/01/crohns-and-colitis-awareness-week-2016-why-this-week-is-so-important-to-me-6295010/#ixzz4S0IKyd4S

www.rogergroos.com

At our Rodney Street Colon Hydrotherapy Clinic, we use the Gravity System of Colon Hydrotherapy. In this system, the fresh warm water from the container flows gently and so the pressure is only very slight.

Colon Hydrotherapy Teacher and Practitioner of 25 years, Roger Groos uses the Gravity System.

The following is quoted with kind permission from Roger Groos' website.

"Roger has been practising Colonic Hydrotherapy for over 25 years, being a founder member of ARCH, and is a senior lecturer in this therapy, teaching at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Roger uses both gravity and machine systems for teaching, but prefers to use gravity in his Bridgwater clinic, since he believes it gives better diagnostics and results" www.rogergroos.com

rogergroos.com

Colonic Clinic Liverpool Colon Hydrotherapy

colonic-clinic.co.uk

Please view my website for further information www.colonic-clinic.co.uk

Please do not hesitate to contact me for further information

colonic-clinic.co.uk Self Empower Colonic Hydrotherapy & Detox Clinic

[05/18/17]   Excerpts from Dr Irina Matveikova book called Digestive Intelligence

Page 38 3rd paragraph:- Stress , anxiety and depression can make symptoms worse and provoke fresh acute outbreaks. Irritable bowel syndrome is closely linked to the psycho emotional state of the person, to the point that it could be considered more a psychological than digestive disorder. There are studies that show the development of IBS in people with traumatic childhoods involving abuse and episodes of violence.

Page 39 paragraph 3-line 3:-

..........................Scientists consider that the enteric nervous system (our second brain) can remember certain emotions and suffer from stress.......................

Page 39 Paragraph 4:-

Everything indicates that irritable bowel syndrome originates in the intestinal brain, or at least that it is involved in some fundamental way. Intestinal symptoms illuminate the personality and psychic conflicts. Insecurity, fear, anger, control, and other similar feelings lead to retention, and consequently constipation, intestinal ulcers or a spastic colon.

Case study in italics Page 39/40.

Page 40 case study continued from [page 39 in italics states:-

Emotions play a fundamental role in enteric upsets. Almost all patients with irritable bowel syndrome have mental and emotional problems, such as anxiety, fatigue, aggression and disturbed sleep. One theory suggests that those who suffer with their digestive nervous system do so because they developed such problems in childhood as a means of coping with stressful situations. As children they learned to transform their problems into actual physical symptoms, thereby taking the spotlight off more deep-seated emotional difficulties.

Page 40 2nd paragraph Non italics:-

In a detailed interview a patient with IBS will often recover distant memories of some difficult and repeated emotional situation where his only means of escape was abdominal pain. Intestinal upsets, therefore, can reveal a difficulty in confronting the obstacles in life. To help such patients is a great challenge.

Page 44 What foods to avoid if have IBS

page 45 What foods to eat if have IBS

Pulp of aloe vera great for inflammation of gut. Flesh of inside of aloe leaf; do not eat greeen leaf only pulp is good.

Remedies for IBS Page 47 to 51:- Magnesium, Ground Psyllium Seed Husks,Flaxseeds, Aloe Vera, Other medicinal plants, mint tea, Probiotics and Prebiotics and Yoga.

10 Sings That Your Colon Is Full Of Toxins, Which May Cause Extra Weight

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https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=512480199141515&id=412970055759197

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[04/06/17]   Eating one pack a day is like drinking FIVE LITRES of cooking oil a year: The frightening truth about crisps

By JOHN NAISH

PUBLISHED: 23:56, 8 April 2013 | UPDATED: 17:01, 9 April 2013



Should packets of crisps carry a health warning?

You might scoff at the suggestion, but it comes as evidence emerges to show the snack is bad news — fuelling not just the obesity and heart disease epidemics, but linked to developmental problems in unborn babies, hyperactivity in children and potentially cancer in adults.

The risks would not be so critical were it not for the alarming extent to which Britain’s crisp-munching habit has grown.

Britons polish off six billion packets a year - the equivalent of one ton of crisps every three minutes or almost 100 packets per person

Last week a YouGov poll found that a third of British children eat crisps every day.

The other two-thirds of UK children eat them several times a week.

In fact, Britons polish off six billion packets a year — the equivalent of one ton of crisps every three minutes or almost 100 packets per person.

Snacking on a packet a day — as so many of Britain’s children now do — can add up to the equivalent of drinking almost five litres of cooking oil per year to their diet.

That is not to mention fat, sugar and salt the packs contain.

All this may seem difficult to believe of those innocent-looking grab bags crowding the shelves at the corner shop, supermarket and petrol station.

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But the fun logos and bright colours mask a product that has been industrially perfected to tantalise our taste buds to the point of addiction.

So claims Michael Moss, the author of newly published book: Salt, Sugar, Fat: How The Food Giants Hooked Us.

His investigations have revealed how decades of research by food-making giants have transformed crisps from the mildly enticing snacks of the Seventies into products designed to smart-bomb our brains’ craving centres with precision chemistry.

When you pop a crisp in your mouth, he explains, the taste of salt hits you almost immediately. It’s an effect that the salt industry calls ‘the flavour burst’.

Modern crisps are also loaded with fat to provide something that the industry calls ‘mouthfeel’.

This makes the experience of eating modern-day crisps similar to the pleasure sensation you get when you bite into gooey cheese.

We feel this fat through a nerve called the trigeminal, which sits above and behind the mouth. It sends tactile information to the brain. The better the mouthfeel, the more we desire it.

Combined with the salt and fat is the sugar that is naturally packed in the potato starch.

This completes the trio of flavours that our instinctive brains naturally crave, says Moss.

But the ultimate secret weapon of today’s crisps is their scientifically honed crispiness.

‘Research has found that the more noise a crisp makes when you bite into it, the more you will like it,’ Moss says.

THEY’RE DESIGNED TO BE ADDICTIVE

Science is now revealing a host of more insidious threats specific to crisps

This has set snack giants in search of the perfect crave-inducing crunch.

They have discovered things such as ‘the perfect break point’ (apparently, we love crisps that snap with four pounds of pressure per square inch).

Another trick is to label such products ‘gourmet’, as if that makes their ingredients really any less bad for you when overeaten.

All this helps to explain why so many of us ‘love’ crisps.

But this highly seductive high-intensity burst of fat, sugar and salt comes at a potential price to our health.

Consumed in excess, these ingredients are well-proven by research to increase our risk of obesity, hypertension, type 2 diabetes and coronary disease.

In children, over-consumption can put them on the path to a lifetime of ill-health.

Moreover, science is now revealing a host of more insidious threats specific to crisps.

Crisps are now the single largest contributor to the obesity epidemic in the U.S., according to research published in the authoritative New England Journal of Medicine by cardiologist and food researcher Dr Dariush Mozaffarian.

He says: ‘All foods are not equal, and just eating in moderation is not enough.’

In his research, of all foods potatoes stand out as weight-pilers, but especially crisps.

It is not just that crisps are easily available and highly fattening, he said.

They also make you physically crave more of them.

Dr Mozaffarian, an assistant professor of medicine and epidemiology at Harvard Medical School, says research indicates the high levels of starches and refined carbohydrates in today’s larger-sized ‘single-serving’ packets of crisps can knock awry the levels of glucose and insulin in our blood.

This imbalance ‘leads to less feeling of fullness, increasing hunger and larger amounts of food consumed over the course of the day’.

As a result, it can be very tempting just to tuck into yet another packet of crisps, says Dr Mozaffarian, who eats crisps ‘only once or twice per month, and in small portions’.

High levels of insulin are linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes.

THE RISKS TO UNBORN BABIES

A significant intake of crisps may not only unbalance the bodies of children and adults, but could also harm unborn babies.

British research shows that pregnant women who eat large amounts of chips and crisps could be harming their babies as much as if they were smokers.

This is thanks to the presence of a toxic chemical in the snack called acrylamide. It is odourless, tasteless and invisible, but is linked with damage to DNA.

Acrylamide is a nerve poison first discovered in the plastics and dyeing industries.

Ten years ago, Swedish scientists discovered it’s also produced in significant amounts when starchy processed foods such as crisps are industrially cooked at high temperatures.

Now a study by the Bradford Institute for Health Research has found a link between high levels of exposure to acrylamide and lower birth weight and head circumference in newborns.

The research, part of a larger pan-European study published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives, looked at the diets of 186 pregnant women in Bradford.

Their babies had the highest levels of acrylamide of all the five European centres studied, almost twice the level of Danish babies.

The researchers say the largest source of acrylamide in the Bradford mums-to-be diet was crisps.

‘These two measures are key indicators of risks to babies’ health,’ says John Wright, an epidemiologist and consultant in public health medicine who led the Bradford research.

He adds that both are linked to subsequent problems such as delayed development of the brain and nervous system, type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

‘When you add the acrylamide contamination to the amount of fat, sugar and salt that crisps contain, then crisps have similar levels of toxicity in pregnant women to smoking,’ says Dr Wright.

‘Because of this damage to newborns, potentially it may make sense for crisp packets to have to carry health warnings.’

Studies on the effect of acrylamide in adults are ongoing.

But the evidence so far has prompted the International Agency for Research on Cancer (an intergovernmental agency set up by the World Health Organisation) to label the chemical a ‘probable human carcinogen’.

The crisp-makers’ industry body, the Snack, Nut and Crisp Manufacturers Association (Snacma), says that it is working on ways to reduce the level of acrylamide in crisps.

It adds that its members have already reduced the levels of salt they contain in line with government targets.

Snacking on a packet a day can add up to the equivalent of drinking almost five litres of cooking oil per year to their diet

COULD THEY BE LINKED TO ADHD?

There may be other dangers for youths from overeating crisps, including hyperactivity and addictive behaviours.

In February, a laboratory study in the journal Plos One reported that when rats were fed on a diet of commercially made crisps, their brains showed marked differences in activity from normal when studied with high-tech imaging equipment.

Areas of the brain normally associated with sleeping were inhibited, while areas associated with body movement showed significantly more activity than usual, according to food chemists at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany.

Such changes in humans may cause them to display hyperactive behaviour.

The brain scans also revealed heightened activity in areas linked to hunger.

Overstimulation in these regions is associated with hyperphagia — the clinical term for abnormal overeating, said the study. In other words, by their very nature crisps may make you eat more overall.

Other highly stimulated areas seen in the rats’ brains are associated with the brain’s reward system and are linked with addictive behaviour.

Clinical tests would be required in humans to confirm that this effect is similar.

Requiring people to gorge on crisps may not be considered ethically appropriate — even though many of us seem to do it.

But one other harmful effect of crisp consumption on children is tooth decay.

‘They are one of the worst things for your teeth, as they can stick to the surface for hours,’ Dr Nigel Carter, the chief executive of the British Dental Health Foundation has warned.

‘On the ingredients list, the sugar content appears to be low. But that list recognises only simple sugars and ignores more complex forms, such as carbohydrates, which the mouth breaks down into sugars.’

SEDUCED BY CELEBRITY ADS

Despite all these dangers of over-consumption, the pressures on children to keep snacking can be both powerful and astonishingly insidious.

For example, last month, researchers at Liverpool University discovered that celebrity advertising of crisps has a lasting hold on young brains.

It is something we could call ‘the Gary Lineker effect’, after the TV sports presenter and former England footballer who has been endorsing Walkers Crisps since 1995.

The study, reported in the Journal of Pediatrics, involved 181 children, aged between eight and 11 years, who were asked to watch a cartoon that was interrupted either by one of three different adverts (one of which was Lineker endorsing Walkers crisps) or by footage of Lineker presenting Match Of The Day.

Afterwards the children were offered bowls marked ‘Walkers crisps’ and ‘supermarket crisps’.

The study found that children who watched either the Gary Lineker advert, or just Lineker presenting a football match, ate considerably more of the Walkers crisps than the children who hadn’t seen Lineker at all.

Dr Emma Boyland, a psychologist who led the research, says: ‘Our study revealed that the influence of the celebrity extended even further than expected.

‘It prompted the children to eat the endorsed product even when they saw the celebrity outside of any actual promotion for the brand.

‘At a time when the country is facing a growing obesity epidemic, we need to regulate food adverts much more effectively.’

Nevertheless, when Snacma was asked about its members marketing products to children, it declared: ‘We do not advertise to children under the age of 16.’

The onus remains on parents to try to keep their children’s enjoyment of crisps at healthily restrained levels, such as enjoying them as only a once or twice-weekly treat.

But in fact, it seems, many parents are major culprits in encouraging over-consumption — not least by including crisps as a staple in children’s school packed lunches.

Research in the British Medical Journal in 2010 found that only one in ten packed lunches would meet the same standards as school meals — with most containing crisps or confectionery.

Our children’s consumption of crisps has now reached unsustainably dangerous levels.

It is crunch time for crisps.

Short of putting warnings on packets, it is up to all of us to rein in our indulgence, no matter how tantalisingly tempting the manufacturers make their potato snacks

[04/06/17]   The following from a book called "The screwedup letters" Why you should loose your mind to loose your weight by Gordon F Gatiss PHd.

EAT PLENTY OF FRUIT AND VEGETABLES. Eat fruit on an empty stomach or an hour after a meal.

Reduce your saturated fat content of all food to 10% or less (Saturated fat is the kind of fat found in butter and lard, pies, cakes and biscuits, fatty cuts of meat, sausages and bacon, and cheese and cream).

Avoid foods with a high glycemic index:- wheat, white rice and dairy products

Avoid all red meat:- research shows that it is bad for our health. It is harmful for the heart, increases several major cancers, increases dementia, causing some autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis,

Stop drinking coffee and reduce levels of tea:- here are two substances in coffee... Kahweol and cafestol that raise cholestrol levels and decaf coffee. Caffeine a poison takes a while to break down in the body; it can accumulate

Do not drink fizzy drinks or diet drinks.

Drink still water:- 8 glasses a day

Steam your food where possible as opposed to using an oven. The reason why is foods which are steamed are easier to digest. The higher the temperature food is cooked the longer it remains in the gut, the more difficult it becomes to digest..

Never use a microwave oven because microwave food contains molecules and energies not present in food cooked in the conventional way with fire or oven heat.

STOP drinking alcohol Your liver has to filter the alcohol; too much will damage your liver. Alcohol also affects the cells in the brain. A BBC TV Programme in February 2008 identified, that if alcohol invented today would be classified as a class A drug. All information about wine being good for you is produced by wine companies. Eat grapes if you want the goodness from wine.

Take regular exercise

Meditate: this is an essential part of maintaining health.

[03/12/17]   How to Have Healthy Bowel Movements

Posted by Dr. Ben Kim on May 02, 2013

Natural Health Solutions

Originally published in March of 2008. Please note that portions of this article have been plagiarized online. All of the thoughts in this article are my own. - Ben Kim

To have healthy bowel movements, it's essential that you support colon and rectal health with all of your daily choices. Keeping these areas clean and healthy provides the following benefits:

A lowered risk of developing colorectal cancer, one of the most common types of cancer in industrialized countries.

A lowered risk of experiencing irritable bowel syndrome, chronic constipation, and chronic diarrhea.

A lowered risk of developing hemorrhoids.

Less gas production.

More efficient absorption of water and minerals.

A feeling of lightness, comfort, and well-being in your abdominal region.

Before we discuss specific choices that you can make to keep your colorectal region healthy and to have comfortable bowel movements, let's review some basic anatomy and physiology of this area.

Your colon and rectum are collectively referred to as your large intestine, which is the last part of your digestive tract.

A Journey Through Your Large Intestine

After food passes through your stomach and small intestine, the remaining material, mostly waste products in liquid form, move on to the your colon, which is the first part of your large intestine.

Your colon is approximately six feet long and serves primarily to dehydrate liquid waste material.

Your colon begins at the lower right hand corner of your abdomen, where it's called your cecum. Attached to your cecum is a twisted, worm-shaped tube called your appendix.

From your cecum, your colon travels up the right side of your abdomen, where it's called your ascending colon. When it reaches your lower right ribs (just below your liver), it turns to travel across your abdomen to just below your lower left ribs; here, it's called your transverse colon.

Just below your lower left ribs, it makes another turn and travels down the left side of your abdomen - this portion is called your descending colon.

Your colon then makes one last turn toward the middle of your lower abdomen, forming an "S" shaped segment that's called your sigmoid colon.

Your sigmoid colon empties waste materials into your rectum, which is like a storage pouch that retains your feces until contractions in your large intestine stimulate a bowel movement.

To understand how to keep your colorectal region clean and healthy, let's go over a few key details on how your large intestine works.

Large Intestine Physiology

Movement of Waste Material

After you eat a substantial meal, your stomach expands enough to trigger a reflex that causes a contractile wave (called a peristaltic wave) to travel through your small intestine and push any liquid waste material (chyme) that is sitting in the last part of your small intestine into your large intestine.

Once enough liquid waste material accumulates in your cecum (the first part of your large intestine), the waste material begins to move up your ascending colon.

Movement of waste material through your colon is facilitated by something called "haustral churning." Your colon is divided along its length into small pouches called haustra. When a haustrum is filled with substantial waste material, its muscular walls contract and push the waste material into the next haustrum. The contractile reflex that allows haustral churning is regulated by your enteric nervous system, which is a division of your autonomic nervous system.

Your autonomic nervous system is regulated involuntarily (without regular conscious input on your part), and is intertwined with your emotional health. This is why bowel movements and colon health are intricately tied to emotional states like feeling calm or anxious.

On average, your colon experiences anywhere from three to twelve moderate waves of contractions every minute. After every substantial meal, your colon experiences a much larger contractile wave, called "mass peristalsis." Mass peristalsis serves to push waste materials from your transverse colon all the way to your rectum. In most people, mass peristalsis occurs about three times a day.

Water and Nutrient Absorption

The mucosal lining of your large intestine is lined with tiny pits that open into long, tube-like intestinal glands; these glands are lined with specialized cells that absorb water, and other specialized cells (goblet cells) that release mucous into your large intestine to lubricate your stools and to protect the lining of your large intestine against acidic substances and potentially harmful gases.

The specialized cells that absorb water from your waste materials are responsible for about 10 percent of the water that you absorb from the foods and beverages that you ingest; the remaining 90 percent is absorbed by cells that line your small intestine.

This 10 percent of water absorption in your large intestine amounts to anywhere between a pint and a quart of water, and represents a significant portion of your body's daily intake of water. As water is absorbed from the waste material in your colon, so are some nutrients, mainly minerals like sodium and chloride.

It takes anywhere between three to ten hours for your large intestine to absorb enough water from waste material to turn it into solid or partially solid stools. Your stools consist mainly of water, mucous, fiber, old cells from your intestinal lining, millions of microorganisms, and small amounts of inorganic salts.

When your rectal pouch is distended with enough feces to trigger a contractile reflex, your feces are pushed out through your anus. When you consciously contract your abdominal wall, your diaphragm moves downward and helps open up muscles that line your anal sphincter.

Your rectum is lined with three horizontal folds, called your rectal valves; these valves are what prevent stools from passing through your anal sphincter when you pass gas.

If you choose not to release stools when you experience the urge to do so, your reflex contractions may stop, in which case you likely won't have a significant bowel movement until the next mass peristalsis occurs.

Diarrhea and Constipation Explained

When waste material travels through your digestive tract too quickly for sufficient water absorption to occur, your stools will be runny and more frequent than normal.

Three main causes of diarrhea are:

Undesirable microorganisms

Food intolerances (like lactose intolerance)

Stress

In the first two cases listed above, it makes sense that your body would want things to move quickly through your system; your body doesn't want to spend time digesting foods that it can't properly extract nutrients from or that are laced with disease-causing microbes.

Stress can cause transit time to shorten by messing with your enteric nervous system; please recall that your enteric nervous system controls the reflex contractions that mark "haustral churning." Your enteric nervous system is a part of your autonomic nervous system, and your autonomic nervous system regulates your physiological responses to emotional and physical stress.

When waste material travels through your colon more slowly than it should, enough water is extracted from your waste material to cause your stools to become uncomfortably hard.

Five main causes of constipation are:

Eating sporadically, or eating meals that are too small to elicit mass peristalsis.

Not going when you feel an urge to go.

Lack of a healthy intestinal lining that is capable of producing enough mucous to properly lubricate your stools (vitamin A deficiency is a potential cause of this situation).

Insufficient intake of water, water-rich foods, and/or fiber-rich foods.

Stress.

Steps You Can Take To Have Healthy Bowel Movements

Eat substantial meals; don't nibble on small amounts throughout the day.

Each time you eat a substantial meal, you stimulate stretch receptors in your stomach that are responsible for triggering normal and mass peristaltic waves throughout your small and large intestines. These natural contractile waves promote regular movement of waste material through your colon and rectum.

Also, eating substantial meals allows significant boluses (roundish masses) of waste materials to travel together through your colon, turn into well formed stools, and get eliminated from your body in an efficient manner.

Don't suppress the desire to go.

If you regularly suppress the urge to have a bowel movement, waste materials spend more time than is optimal in your colon, causing excessive dehydration of these materials and formation of hard stools.

Avoid anal intercourse if possible.

Your anus is designed to be an exit, and your anal sphincter is not naturally inclined to comfortably allow external objects to enter your rectal pouch. Your anal sphincter is designed to stretch to allow passing of stools when your rectal pouch accumulates enough waste materials to illicit contraction of its walls.

Repeated anal intercourse can lead to a loss in anal sphincter tone, which may lead to incontinence issues, if not now, then in the future.

Repeated anal intercourse can also lead to regular injury of the mucosal lining in your rectal pouch, anal canal, and in some cases, the distal region of your sigmoid colon. Repeated injury and healing of these areas may increase your risk of developing polyps, which can increase your risk of developing colorectal cancer.

Ensure adequate intake of water and/or water-rich foods.

Water helps to move waste materials along, and is absorbed throughout the entire length of your colon. Insufficient water intake can cause stools to form far before waste materials reach your rectal pouch, which can cause constipation.

This doesn't necessarily mean that you need to drink several glasses of water per day. If you eat plenty of water-rich plant foods, then you can rely on your sense of thirst to dictate how much water to drink. For more guidance on this issue, please view:

Eat fiber-rich foods regularly.

Fiber adds bulk to the boluses of waste material that travel through your large intestine, and this bulk is essential to your colon's ability to turn waste materials into well formed stools.

A diet that is rich in vegetables, fruits, legumes, and whole grains ensures high fiber intake.

Ensure optimal vitamin D status.

Optimal vitamin D status significantly lowers your risk of developing all types of cancer, including colorectal cancer.

To learn more about how to make sure your body is getting enough vitamin D, have a look at the following:

How to Make Sure that You Are Getting Enough Vitamin D for Your Best Health

Ensure adequate vitamin A status.

As mentioned earlier, glands that line the mucosal lining of your colon are responsible for releasing mucous that is needed to lubricate your feces; vitamin A is needed to maintain the health of these specialized cells that release mucous.

It's best to ensure adequate vitamin A status by eating healthy foods that contain vitamin A.

Ensure adequate intake of healthy fats.

All of your cells, including those of your large intestine and nervous system, require a constant influx of undamaged fatty acids and cholesterol to remain fully functional. If you don't ensure adequate intake of healthy fats, your nervous system and the smooth muscles that surround your digestive passageway - both of which are responsible for creating peristaltic waves throughout your digestive tract - may deteriorate in function.

Also, intake of healthy fats is necessary for optimal absorption of fat-soluble vitamin A, which, as mentioned above, is critical to building and maintaining the mucosal lining of your colon.

Healthy foods that are rich in healthy fats include: avocados, organic eggs, olives, extra-virgin olive oil, coconut oil, coconuts, raw nuts, raw seeds, and cold-water fish.

Build and maintain a population of friendly bacteria in your digestive tract.

Large populations of friendly bacteria can keep your digestive tract clean and healthy by:

Promoting optimal digestion, thereby preventing build-up of toxic waste materials.

Taking up space and resources, thereby helping to prevent infection by harmful bacteria, fungi, and parasites.

Work at feeling emotionally balanced.

Stress can interfere with your ability to clean your colon through its effect on your enteric nervous system. I can state with certainty that the majority of people who have come to me over the years with a chronic colon-related health issue have had significant anxiety in their lives.

If you have a challenge with colon and rectal health, I encourage you to take a careful look at ways that you can minimize the amount of stress and anxiety you experience.

Closing Thoughts On Having Healthy Bowel Movements

Please remember that healthy bowel movements are generated by good overall health. Chronic constipation is the single greatest cause of having an unclean and unhealthy colorectal region because over time, constipation causes your bowel walls to face excessive pressure. This pressure is created by you straining to go and by your colon walls creating stronger contractions to help eliminate hard stools.

Excessive pressure on your colon walls can cause little pouches called diverticuli to form. Sometimes, small bits of waste material can get lodged in diverticuli, which can lead to diverticulitis and other potentially serious health challenges.

[03/12/17]   IBS/Constipation affects people of all walks of life. Eating healthy foods and drinking 2 litres of water daily is important; but there are numerous people who adhere to a healthy eating regime but suffer from mild to severe constipation/ Irritable bowel syndrome. The following habits can aggravate constipation/I.B.S; eating red meat, processed foods, KFC, McDonalds, white bread (50/50 bread is not good), dehydration (important to drink 2 litres of still unflavoured water daily), avoid fizzy diet and non diet beverages, avoid fizzy water, limit tea, limit coffee, alcohol, sweets, crisps, chocolate, pastries, cakes, refined white flour, white refined sugar, some people have a wheat, dairy or gluten intolerance.

A lot of women have reported that pasta, bread and pastries cause severe bloating and constipation.

STRESS
Lack of movement
Trauma
Shock
Bereavement
Irregular sleeping patterns
Night shift work

Keeping bowel movements in when needing toilet.

Inherited weakness

Rushing when having a movement due to work pressure

The following affect the digestive system:-

Extreme dieting
Aneroxia
Bullimia
Slimming tablets
Diet shakes
Laxative abuse

Protein only diet; meat based only
Steroids
Certain medication constipates.
Suffering ill health due to being bed ridden can affect bowel movements.

Constipation does not mean not having a bowel movement. When you're constipated, passing stools becomes more difficult and less frequent than usual.

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